Tafsir Surah Nasr
The understanding of this Surah comes from a hadith narrated by Ibn Abbas.
When Umar ibn Al Khattab was the Caliph, he used to bring Ibn Abbas into the gatherings of the older companions who had participated in the Battle of Badr. Some of these old men were uncomfortable with such a young man as Ibn Abbas being invited to these gatherings as they had sons close to the same age.
When Umar learned of their attitude, he challenged them by asking what was the meaning of this chapter (Surah Al Nasr).
The companions gave many different interpretations and explanations. Finally, Umar asked Ibn Abbas the same question. Ibn Abbas narrates:
I submitted that it implied the last hour of Allah’s Messenger (pbuh); in it he was informed that when Allah’s help came and victory was attained, it would be a sign that his hour had come; therefore, he should praise Allah and ask for His forgiveness. Thereafter Umar said “I know nothing but what you have said.
Narrated in Bukhari
1. When the help of Allah comes and the victory.
This Surah was to inform the Companions of the impending demise of the Prophet of Allah (pbuh). Though there were other verses of other chapters revealed afterwards, this was the last complete Chapter of the Quran to be revealed.
This specific verse refers to the conquest of Mecca by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Prior to this victory, many of the Arab tribes resisted joining with the Prophet (pbuh). They wanted to see who would emerge victorious between him and the Quraish.
They reasoned that if the Quraish were victorious, then Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was not really a prophet. But if he was victorious, they reasoned, then he must really be a Messenger of Allah.
2. And you see people entering Allah’s religion in multitudes.
With the Prophet’s (pbuh) victory over Mecca, the Arab tribes flocked to Islam in droves. They had been holding out for many reasons. But with this victory, these obstacles disappeared.
Soon, the entire Arabian Peninsula had accepted Islam. His victory was proof that he was truly a Messenger of Allah.
3. So, glorify the praises of your Lord and ask His forgiveness; verily He is the one who accepts repentance.
This verse is a command from Allah to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to increase his worship and glorification of Allah. This verse clearly indicates that the Prophet’s death was near.
Here are some of the things the Prophet of Allah used to say when he prayed:
“I glorify You our Lord, and all thanks and praises be to You, O Allah.”
“Glory to Allah, and all praises and thanks be to Him. I ask Allah’s forgiveness and I repent to Him.”
These words clearly indicate that the Prophet’s mission was coming to an end.
You should ponder over this final verse. Allah ordered His Messenger (pbuh) to:
- Glorify Him.
- Praise Him.
- Seek His forgiveness.
Then Allah reminds us that He is accepting of all forgiveness.
If such a reminder was given to the Prophet of Allah (pbuh), what about us?
How much are you and I in need of Allah’s forgiveness? How much more should we glorify and praise Him before our deaths?
We should reflect on this Surah everyday as a reminder to increase our worship and ALWAYS seek Allah’s mercy and to continuously turn to Him in repentance.