Surah Al-Falaq is the 113th chapter of the Quran. This surah can be used for protection against evil similar to Surah An-Naas. However, Surah Al-Falaq is more for protection from human evil.
We are instructed to seek refuge in Allah from the evil perpetrated by mankind. This includes both physical and spiritual evil, and intentional and unintentional evil.
Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of the daybreak.”
Surah Falaq and Surah Naas are used for protection. Al-Falaq is better for protection from mankind and sorcery while An-Naas is for protection from evil whispers and suggestions.
The word FALAQ means “to split.” This “splitting” refers to the break of dawn because it splits the night and darkness.
The Prophet of Allah (pbuh) and all of mankind are instructed in this first verse to seek refuge in the RABB (Lord) of the daybreak.
Daylight, or dawn, is a relief from the darkness of night. It is during the night that most evil occurs. This includes the evil of mankind and Jinn. Studies show that most sexual assaults occur at night. And the Prophet of Allah has encouraged us to bring our children inside when the sun begins to set.
When the night falls, keep your children indoors, for the devils are out and about at this time. When an hour of the night goes by, you can let them go.
With this Surah, we can seek refuge in Allah from the unknown, from witchcraft, and from danger from humans.
2. From the evil of what He has created.
In this verse we are asking for protection from the evil of creation.
Often, we confuse the meaning of this verse. We often translate it as “From the evil that He has created.”
But a better translation is “From the evil of WHAT He has created.” This is because nothing that Allah has created is pure evil.
Even the Shayateen (devils) has some good to him. Without the devils (the evil Jinn and Iblees) we would not be tested by their whispers and would not have a chance to resist them and gain blessings and reward.
Nonetheless, the evil that comes from His creation is painful and causes harm. Therefore, we should still seek Allah’s help against it.
There are two types of evil that we are seeking refuge from.
- Pain, loss, and injury.
- Idolatry and sin.
So this includes all types of evil, including the hellfire, Satan, evil humans, and evil Jinn.
But Allah points out three specific evils in the next few verses.
3. And from the evil of the dark night when it penetrates.
Now we are seeking refuge from the evil that occurs at night time. This includes the evil that is perpetrated by mankind, and that perpetrated by the Jinn.
The word “GHASIQ” means to become dark.
The word “WAQAB” refers to the spreading of that darkness.
The darkness spreads when night falls. And this is when most evil people come out to do their handy work. And it is also during the dark night that witchcraft has its strongest effect.
4. And from the evil of the blowers in knots.
The next thing that Allah instructs us to seek protection from is black magic, sorcery, or witchcraft.
This verse contains two words indicating sorcery:
- Naffaathaat – means a woman who blows.
- Uqad – means knots.
During the time of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) witches and female magicians used to tie knots in cords and blow on them while reciting incantations. They would include clippings of their victim’s hair or other personal effects.
Even though the gender in this verse is feminine, it refers to both male and female magicians.
It should be noted that practicing sorcery is forbidden in Islam. There is no “good” witchcraft or “white” magic.
And this does not refer to the slight of hand and optical illusions that modern magicians perform on stage and screen. These are just tricks to entertain you and there is no real magic involved.
5. And from the evil of the envious when he envies.
The final evil that we should seek refuge from is the evil of envious humans. You may not think that human envy can harm you, but it certainly can and does.
For one thing, the first evidence of jealousy and envy came from Iblees towards Prophet Adam (peace be upon him).
And the second instance of envy came from Prophet Adam’s own sons. This is from the story of Abil and Qabil.
And relate to them the story of the two sons of Adam with truth when they both offered an offering, but it was accepted from one of them and was not accepted from the other. He said: I will most certainly slay you. (The other) said: Allah only accepts from those who guard (against evil).
Chapter 5; verse 27.
Allah accepted Abil’s devotion but not Qabil’s. Qabil became envious and killed his brother.
Perhaps you are aware of the idea of the “evil eye” in Islam.
This happens when someone sees something that another person has and they grow jealous of them. They are upset that they do not have it. The envious one watches the other person with resentment and anger and as a result brings some harm to them.
There are actually two levels of envy.
- The first is when you become upset that someone else has something you want. You question Allah as to why you did not get it and if this person even truly deserves it.
- The second is when you become so envious, that you hope the other person loses whatever item they have. That is definitely the most dangerous form of envy.
All praises are due to Allah, this Surah will protect you from many things:
- Physical harm coming from humans.
- Evil that comes from Jinn.
- Pain and injury.
- Idolatry and sin.
- Witchcraft and sorcery.
- The evil eye.
When you recite this Surah, recite it with conviction and devotion. Try to imagine yourself standing before Allah and asking for protection from these many things.
This is certainly a powerful weapon that Allah has given the believers.