This tafseer (explanation) of Surah Naas (chapter 114 in the Quran) is taken from several well-known commentaries and books of tafsir. I wanted to explain certain chapters of the Quran in a more concise, readable, and understandable language than what is commonly found in these texts.
Surah An-Naas (Chapter of Mankind) is used for protection against the evils of Shaytan and the Jinn. It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) at a time when a witch had put a spell on him, causing him difficulties.
When you are having problems with your heart, conscious, or beliefs, recite this Surah to chase the Shaytan away and clear your mind. Remember, that no harm can come to you without the permission of Allah and He is the best of protectors.
Read on for the full Tafsir.
1. Say : I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind.
This surah is used in conjunction with the surah before it (Surah Al-Falaq) for protection. Whereas Surah al-Falaq protects us from the evil of mankind, Surah An-Naas protects us from Jinn and Satan.
The opening of the chapter includes a command: “SAY.”
This command encourages mankind to seek protection, or refuge in Allah, not just from the Jinn and Satan. But also from the trials and difficulties of this life.
But the first person commanded to seek refuge in Allah, is Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
What is interesting is that Allah does not refer to Himself as “Allah” in this verse or in any other verse in this chapter. Instead, He refers to Himself as “Rabb.”
RABB is often translated at “Lord” in English. But this is a poor translation. RABB means much more than that.
Allah calls Himself THE LORD OF MANKIND because He is the:
This chapter refers to Allah by three of His attributes and RABB is one of them. The three attributes of Allah are:
Allah is the Lord of all.
Allah is the Master (Sovereign) of all.
Allah is the God of all.
2. The King of Mankind.
3. The God of Mankind.
These two verses complete the three attributes of Allah. These verses enhance the attribute of Lordship (RABB) mentioned in the previous verse.
Allah calls Himself the Lord of Mankind in the first verse, and in these two verses He calls Himself the King of Mankind and the God of Mankind.
This is a unique position that can only belong to Allah.
Not every lord is a king.
And no king is a god.
Allah alone fills all three categories perfectly.
He is the Ruler, the Legislator, and the Governor of the human race. Therefore, He is the only Being worthy of worship. And that is why Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), and by extension all of mankind, were ordered to seek refuge in Allah.
4. From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.
Now what or who are we to seek refuge from? Allah begins to explain in this verse.
We are ordered to seek refuge from the EVIL of the WHISPERER who comes and goes.
This is of course, none other than Shaytan the Rejected. He is the sneaking, withdrawing, Devil who speaks quietly into man’s heart, encouraging him to do evil.
When the man remembers his RABB, Shaytan slinks away. He withdraws, defeated.
But, when man forgets his RABB, Shaytan returns and continues to whisper.
When Shaytan whispers to you, what is he calling to? Is he calling to you worship Allah? Is he calling you to righteousness?
Of course not! He’s calling to you mischief. He’s calling you to evil and disobedience.
Every man was assigned their own personal little devil as the following hadith states:
“There is not a single one of you except that his companion (a devil) has been assigned to him.” They (the Companions) said, “What about you, O Messenger of Allah” He replied, “Yes. However, Allah has helped me against him and he has accepted Islam. Thus, he only commands me to do good.”
This devil sits on your heart and makes the evil things seem beautiful and the good things seem ugly.
This devil confounds and confuses you, making you forget Allah. And when you forget Allah, your devil’s whispers become even stronger.
But when you remember Him, and mention your Lord’s name, the devil withdraws and goes away.
Until next time.
5. Who whispers in the hearts of man.
Satan sees us from a position that we do not see him.
Your devil sits on your heart and whispers invitations to evil. He puts evil thoughts and suggestions into your heart.
And just so you know that this whisperer need not always be a devil or a jinn, Allah says in the next verse…
6. From amongst jinn and men.
The one who whispers evil thoughts in your heart just might also be another human. It could be a person that tells you to do evil and leave the good.
While a person cannot sit on your heart and whisper to you like your devil can, they can still give you evil advice and convince you to disobey Allah.
That is one of the amazing things about this chapter. It not only protects us from the whispers of Satan, but also from the evil suggestions of our fellow man.
So, when your so-called friend calls you to evil or disobedience, recite this chapter and seek refuge in Allah from them.
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