Monotheism in Islam

Tawheed, or monotheism in Islam, is very unique. Muslim beliefs of monotheism are very different from other faiths.

All faiths have some similarities and likenesses. But Islam distinguishes itself from all others with its pure monotheistic values. Muslims practice monotheism the way it should be. Muslims practice pure, unadulterated worship of one, sole creator.

Just about every faith on earth has some monotheistic aspects. Even polytheistic religions usually single out a primary or superior deity that reigns above the other, ‘lesser’ deities. This is because monotheism is a natural inclination of mankind. This is proven in the fact that a monotheistic faith has replaced polytheism in just about every culture.


The Oneness of Divine Lordship

Monotheism has proven itself superior to polytheism in every way. And while there are still pockets of paganism in certain areas of the earth, it is a dying trend. However, monotheism has been flourishing for centuries now and appears destined to continue its dominance.


And that is what makes up the first of three parts of Islamic monotheism. This first part is simply the belief that Allah exists. Every faith that has some monotheistic inclinations accepts this belief. Every person that believes in a superior deity accepts this belief. In Islam, this is called Tawheed Ar-Rububiyyah, or “Oneness of Divine Lordship.” This simply means the belief that one, divine deity, superior to all others, exists.

The Oneness of Divine Nature

But what really makes Islam different from all other faiths is the second part of Islamic monotheism. This is the make or break concept that puts Islam above and beyond all other faiths. This part of Islamic monotheism is called Tawheed Al-Uluhiyyah, or “Oneness of the Divine Nature.” This is the understanding that Allah, the creator of all that exists and all that will ever exist, is the only deity worthy of worship.

Oneness of Divine Nature means that nothing else, no creature, no ‘deity’, no man, no animal, no prophet or saint, NOTHING, deserves any form of worship except Allah. Therefore, not only do we direct all worship towards Allah, we also refrain from using any intercessors, or partners, or go-betweens in this worship. This is the awesome power of Islamic monotheism. Man is encouraged, in fact obligated, to communicate directly with Allah for all of his needs, wants, and desires.

The Oneness of the Divine Names and Attributes

And finally the third aspect of Islamic monotheism, or Tawheed, is to understand the names and attributes of Allah, the almighty creator. Mankind throughout history has tried to give God a face, or a body, or specific attributes. Whenever man does this, inevitably the picture they create of God resembles the man. So Indian representations of God look Indian, European paintings of God look Caucasian, and African pictures of God look African.

Monotheism in Islam avoids this destructive pattern. Tawheed Al-Asmaa was Sifaat, or “Oneness of the Divine Names and Attributes” is the belief that Allah’s attributes are nothing like anything we can imagine. Allah has informed us of His names and attributes through His divine revelation the Quran, and through the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). Therefore, Muslims accept, without denial or comparison, the attributes that Allah has given Himself.

As you can see, Islam requires true monotheism and explains it thoroughly. The beauty of Islamic monotheism is in its simplicity. All one must do is worship Allah alone, with no intercessors or partners, and accept His divine attributes. There is no need to understand complex theology or accept irrational explanations.

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19 Responses to Monotheism in Islam

  1. [...] all that exists, all that has existed and all that will exist. This concept is called Tawheed, or Islamic monotheism. This is central to the entire Muslim religion, and without it, nothing else matters. We also [...]

  2. [...] can impact our lives immediately. Why? Because it’s direct communication with our Lord, Allah the Mighty and Majestic. So if you’re not happy with the way things are going in your life, I encourage you to turn [...]

  3. [...] Prophet Daud (David, peace be upon him) preached Tawheed (monotheism), his original message is still preserved in the [...]

  4. [...] is a message for the members of all these faiths that do not worship Allah according to Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism). He does not share His Essence, or His Divinity, or His Lordship with [...]

  5. [...] Islam is the Shahadatayn which means, the two testimonies. The first is to affirm one’s belief in Islamic monotheism. A Muslim must testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone. When the Muslim [...]

  6. [...] of the major points that Shaikh Bilal Philips talks about a lot is the concept of Tawheed, or Islamic monotheism. He has consistently tried to correct the beliefs of several groups, both Muslim and non-Muslim, [...]

  7. sarai says:

    Thank you so much for this nice article! by the way my favourite surah is Alkahf! Great to receive emails like this! Allah bless you.

    • Abu Ibrahim says:

      As-Salaamu Alaikum Sarai,

      You’re most welcome for the article, and I hope it was beneficial.

      I love Surah al-Kahf also. It is a very deep surah and I learn more from it every time I read it.

      Remember to read it every Friday if you can.

  8. [...] of the best things a Muslim couple can do to protect their marriage is to fear Allah. Remembering that you will ultimately meet with Allah and have to answer for everything [...]

  9. [...] Islam is the Shahadatayn which means, the two testimonies. The first is to affirm one’s belief in Islamic monotheism. A Muslim must testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone. When the Muslim [...]

  10. [...] But what really makes Islam different from all other religions is Tawheed, or Islamic Monotheism. [...]

  11. [...] first book any Salafi will tell you to read (after the Quran and hadiths) is Kitaab At-Tawheed by Muhammad Abdul [...]

  12. [...] “Rabb” means “Lord.” Remember, in Surah Al-Fatiha we say “Alhamdulillahi Rabbil Aalameen.” All Praises to Allah LORD or the worlds. [...]

  13. [...] The people of the settlement followed the faith of Ibrahim, Ismail, and Hajjar. The Kaaba became the center of worship in the growing city. Ismail was a prophet of Allah like his father, and instructed the people of his town to practice Tawheed, or pure monotheism. [...]

  14. [...] Reserving all worship for Allah Almighty, the creator of all that exists. [...]

  15. [...] is the first rule of Islamic monotheism, also known as Tawheed. This is the essential piece, the crucial element of Islam. Tawheed comes from the Arabic word [...]

  16. […] importance and essence of Tawheed (Islamic […]

  17. […] This hadith is evidence of the honor and righteousness of using Muslim baby names derived from Allah’s attributes. A more thorough discussion on Allah’s attributes is discussed in this page about Tawhid. […]

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