– Where we are so far
— In 632 CE Prophet Muhammad died and Abu Bakr was chosen by the residents of Medina as the Caliph
— Soon after, several of the Arab tribes that were allied with the Prophet rebelled against Abu Bakr
— Abu Bakr and his general KIW led a successful campaign to bring these tribes back in line
— These were known as the Ridda, or Apostasy Wars
— Abu Bakr commanded KIW to begin an invasion of southern Persia.
— KIW was successful and conquered most of the area around the Euphrates River
— At the same time, Abu Bakr also ordered Abu Ubaidah to lead an invasion into Syria
— Abu Ubaidah ran into strong resistance so Abu Bakr had KIW come from Persia to assist
— KIW led the Muslims to conquer Syria all the way up to Damascus
— Back in Medina, Abu Bakr died and Umar ibn Al-Khattab became the Caliph
— Umar removed KIW as the leader of the Muslim armies and put Abu Ubaidah back in charge
— The Romans and Syrians got over their initial shock of the Muslim invasion and began a strong counterattack.
– In the last episode we discussed how the Romans and Persians began to make a comeback
– Now we’ll go into the details of that comeback and the result
– We will first discuss the events in Syria and then those in Persia
– However, many of them coincided with each other and happened at the same time.
– One of the first things Umar did was lift the ban on the former apostates imposed by Abu Bakr.
– After they conquered Damascus, the Muslims fought the Romans at the Battle of Fihl
– Fihl was located in Palestine, south of Damascus. This was the last Roman outpost in Palestine other than Jerusalem.
– KIW continued to serve under the command of Abu Ubaidah who sent him to face the Romans in Fihl
– The battle lasted for two days before the Romans fled and KIW was victorious again