Islamic History Podcast 2-18: Ali And Aisha

Islamic History Podcast 2-18: Ali And Aisha

Ali ibn Abi Talib was the fourth and final of the Khulafar Rashideen; the Righteous Caliphs.

When ranking these first four Caliphs, there is no disagreement that Abu Bakr was first and Umar was second. However, there are some questions when it comes to ranking the next two.

Most Islamic scholars tend to rank Uthman above Ali. And if we only consider their political achievements as Caliph, then Uthman definitely deserves that honor.

Uthman ruled longer than Ali, ruled over a united empire, and accomplished things that Muslims still benefit from today.

Ali, on the other hand, only ruled for five years, and much of that was spent fighting other Muslims.

But if we consider their entire lives in service of Islam, then one can make a strong argument for the case of Ali.

Like the three Caliphs before him, Ali was related to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through marriage. But unlike the others, Ali was also related to the Prophet through blood.

Ali’s father Abu Talib, and Prophet Muhammad’s father, Abdullah, were brothers.

A few years before Muhammad became Prophet Muhammad, Ali’s father Abu Talib was going through financial difficulties. To make things easier for Abu Talib, Ali, then just a little boy, moved in with Muhammad.

Muhammad took a paternal interest in Ali and raised him like his own son. Ali never returned to live with his father.

Ali was nine years old when Prophet Muhammad received the message of Islam. Ali believed in him from the very beginning, and would prove it throughout his life.

Ali As A Companion

As an adult, Ali married the Prophet’s youngest and most beloved daughter, Fatimah. They had four children between them, two boys and two girls. Their two sons Hasan and Hussein would play major roles in the history of Islam.

Unlike the other Caliphs, Ali stood out as an excellent fighter. He racked up an impressive list of kills during his military career. And his military record dwarfs his predecessor’s, Uthman ibn Affan.

Ali took part in most of the major battles during Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. These include Badr, Uhud, Khandaq, Mecca, and Khaybar.

After the Prophet’s death, Ali took on an advisory role to the first three Caliphs. Umar in particular relied on Ali for his wisdom and knowledge of Islamic law.

Sunni and Shiite Views on Ali

Show Notes

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Links related to this episode

Podcast: Abu Bakr and the Caliphate

Podcast: Murder and Chaos

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