Islamic History Podcast 2-18: Ali And Aisha

Islamic History Podcast 2-18: Ali And Aisha

Ali ibn Abi Talib was the fourth and final of the Khulafar Rashideen; the Righteous Caliphs.

When ranking these first four Caliphs, there is no disagreement that Abu Bakr was first and Umar was second. However, there are some questions when it comes to ranking the next two.

Most Islamic scholars tend to rank Uthman above Ali. And if we only consider their political achievements as Caliph, then Uthman definitely deserves that honor.

Uthman ruled longer than Ali, ruled over a united empire, and accomplished things that Muslims still benefit from today.

Ali, on the other hand, only ruled for five years, and much of that was spent fighting other Muslims.

But if we consider their entire lives in service of Islam, then one can make a strong argument for the case of Ali.

Like the three Caliphs before him, Ali was related to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through marriage. But unlike the others, Ali was also related to the Prophet through blood.

Ali’s father Abu Talib, and Prophet Muhammad’s father, Abdullah, were brothers.

A few years before Muhammad became Prophet Muhammad, Ali’s father Abu Talib was going through financial difficulties. To make things easier for Abu Talib, Ali, then just a little boy, moved in with Muhammad.

Muhammad took a paternal interest in Ali and raised him like his own son. Ali never returned to live with his father.

Ali was nine years old when Prophet Muhammad received the message of Islam. Ali believed in him from the very beginning, and would prove it throughout his life.

Ali As A Companion

As an adult, Ali married the Prophet’s youngest and most beloved daughter, Fatimah. They had four children between them, two boys and two girls. Their two sons Hasan and Hussein would play major roles in the history of Islam.

Unlike the other Caliphs, Ali stood out as an excellent fighter. He racked up an impressive list of kills during his military career. And his military record dwarfs his predecessor’s, Uthman ibn Affan.

Ali took part in most of the major battles during Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. These include Badr, Uhud, Khandaq, Mecca, and Khaybar.

After the Prophet’s death, Ali took on an advisory role to the first three Caliphs. Umar in particular relied on Ali for his wisdom and knowledge of Islamic law.

Sunni and Shiite Views on Ali

Show Notes

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Links related to this episode

Podcast: Abu Bakr and the Caliphate

Podcast: Murder and Chaos

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5 Responses to Islamic History Podcast 2-18: Ali And Aisha

  1. Dear Brother AOA,
    You have done and doing an excellent job by creating these podcasts. It is a service only ALLAH can reward and very useful and productive. I have listening to almost all off and on and found these very useful and refreshing. I have planning to do the same but unfortunately could not and just here there but you have done and that is the key.

    I will keep on writing my reviews off-course very positive, there could not be negative at all and also I will be more then happy to help if it is needed as being a veteran of IT though I have all the tools necessary to bring anything online but never been able to do that and I see myself through your podcasts and web page. ALLAH bless you and shower you with all his blessings

    • Wa Alaikum Salaam Brother Zahid.

      Jazakallah Khair for the feedback. If you have any suggestions on how we can improve, please let me know.

  2. Salam Alaykum, thank you for saying that Shia and Sunni people share about 90 percent of their beliefs. I am Shia from Iran, However, as apposed what you said I respect Ayeshe as she was our Prophet’s wife and I regard Imam Ali as an infallible figure and my love to him is unspeakable. So, I don’t know whether I am Shia or Sunni in your perspective. Moreover, I don’t know where the people who believe in divinity of Imam Ali live, since in my country no body believe in it and all know it’s totally a wrong idea. Furthermore, I don’t believe that what I heard in this podcast was completely true and real. However, thanks again for emphasizeing that Muslims have to get along well with each other.

    • Wa Alaikum Salaam,

      Thank you for pointing our where I may be wrong. Perhaps I’ve jumped to conclusions about certain things.

      The branch of Shiism that believes in the divinity of Ali are a minority and are called Alawi. They are also the religion of the ruling party in Syria (Bashar Al-Assad). You can read more about them here.

      Most of the history I’ve used comes from Sunnis books, and I’ve tried to use a variety of sources to get as many views as possible. But the reality is that none of this history was recorded at the time it happened, and wasn’t written down until several generations later. Only Allah truly knows everything that happened.

  3. Dear brother, in Iran all Shia are called Alavi and no one of them believes in Imam Ali’s divinity, but about Syria, whether you are right or not I have no information.

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