Islam History

Islam History

The spread of Islam.

Islamic History.

Islamic conquest.

For some reason, all of these words seem to go together.

There is a reason. And it’s important that we understand why.

The amazing thing about Islamic history is that it still affects us today. Muslims still speak of Saladin as a great hero (which he was). There is still much animosity between Sunnis and Shia.

The Middle East conflict is still alive and well. Whether we like it or not, history is a part of our lives. And Islamic history is a part of it too. Islam started from very humble origins to become the most dominant force on earth.

And after the amazing ascension of the Islamic empire, came a long, slow, and painful downfall.

But there is a lot in between that we need to understand. Such as:

  • Who was Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)?
  • How did he spread the message of Islam?
  • What happened after he died?
  • What were the dominant Islamic dynasties?

The last question in particular is very important. Because of the actions of a few powerful Islamic families from centuries past, we now have Sunnis and Shia, Baghdad and Cairo, Iran and Iraq, Cordova and Seville.

One family in particular was very influential in the formation of the Islamic world as we know it today. This was the powerful Umayyad dynasty. Though it only lasted about a century, the influence of the Umayyad Dynasty is still felt today.

  • Because of the Umayyads, millions of Shia flog themselves every year.
  • Because of the Umayyads, Spain was under Islamic rule for 700 years.
  • Because of the Umayyads, kings and despots became commonplace in Islam.
  • Because of the Umayyads, Islam spread from Spain to India.

If you are as much of a history buff as I am, then you are going to want to know more about the Umayyads. Even if you don’t care for history, you’re going to love this true story of war, faith, revolution, and dominance.

What other reasons are there to understand Islam’s history?

Unfortunately, everyday something shocking happens (like the civil war in Syria) somewhere in the world. And very often these events involve Muslims.

Either as the victim or the perpetrator. When the “experts” chime in with their opinions, they usually don’t have anything good to say about Islam and almost always end with some encouragement to kill more Muslims. With such drama polarizing every discussion, many people have a negative opinion about Islam.

But the history of Islam is not so cut and dry. The culture and history of the Muslim religion in general should be looked at objectively and openly. Here’s what’s covered in the Islam history pages:

  • Do Muslim beliefs about Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) differ from Christian and Jewish beliefs?
  • Who built the Kaaba and why?
  • What is the Caliphate?
  • What was Mecca like before Prophet Mohammad’s time?
  • How did Mecca change after he was born?

I am amazed at how little many westerners knew about Islam’s history. And very often what little is known, is very twisted.

I am convinced that if people knew more about Islamic history, in a truthful, yet passionate way, they would understand the true beauty of Islam. I feel dialogue is the key to bridging the gap between Muslims and non-Muslims.

Speaking of the gap between us, I will also cover some of the life of Malcolm X. Malcolm X is one of the most popular Muslims of modern times, and definitely the most popular American Muslim.

What makes Malcolm X so significant is that he is admired by both Muslims and non-Muslims. I think it is very important that we see just what made this man choose to accept Islam as his way of life.

Spread the word

10 Responses to Islam History

  1. Nice website. Some things are not correct though. The first page has the picture of his face and it is not whited out. That breaks one of the Islamic Laws…

    • Thank you for visiting Islamic Learning Materials, and thank you for the compliment. If you are talking about the picture at the top of the page, this is not a picture of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It is a picture of Salahudden Al-Ayoubi (Saladdin) and his conquest of the Crusaders.

    • As-Salaamu Alaikum Qaff,

      I’m working on a lecture that will explain how Islam reached Spain, though I can give you a brief version right now.

      Basically, during the Umayyad Caliphate the Muslim Empire continued to expand until it reached the tip of North Africa, modern day Morocco. The Muslim armies then crossed the Strait of Gibraltar. In fact, the word “Gibraltar” comes from the Arabic phrase “Jabal Tariq” or “The Mountain of Tariq” as the Muslim general of this army was named Tariq.

      The Muslims then proceeded to conquer most of the Iberian Peninsula (modern day Portugal and Spain) and were only stopped from conquering France by Charlemagne. By this time however, the Muslims were not really interested in conquering France as they were more occupied with the sunny and fertile lands of Spain. They saw France as being too cold and barren to put much effort into.

      Also, the Muslim Caliphate was falling apart. The Umayyads were overthrown by the Abbassids and much of the Muslim empire fell apart.

      I’ll have to look a little further into the Muslim conquest of India, Inshallah but I’ll try to get back to you. For a good book to read look at the options I’ve listed in the article above.

  2. Assalamualaikum. Great website Akhi. I love your style of writing. I don’t know if there’s something wrong with my PC but somehow I’m not able to see this article but just the comments section. I’ve tried it in IE, Chrome and Mozilla. Same in all 3.

    • Wa Alaikum Salaam,

      I know this like a really late response, and I’m sorry for that.

      I believe this was error was caused because I was experimenting with a membership software that would block certain content from non-members. It was just an experiment and I have no intention of turning ILM into a membership website at this time.

      Sorry for the inconvenience.

  3. […] However tensions flared up again when Muawiyyah’s son, Yazid, ascended to power. Ali’s son, Hussayn, went out to challenge Yazid, but he along with much of his family was slaughtered at the field of Karbala. Husayn (may Allah be pleased with him) was the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, and his death represents one of the more shameful moments in Islam’s history. […]

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