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Books of Allah

As Muslims, we must accept and believe in all of the Books of Allah. It is a required part of our faith. We cannot accept the book revealed to Prophet Muhammad and reject the book of Prophet Moses (peace be upon them both).

When we speak of Allah’s books, we are really talking about His revelations. These revelations were sent by Allah to his messengers as guidance for mankind. And as Muslims, we are obliged to believe in them all.

Sadly, most of Allah’s revelations have been lost, tampered with, or altered. They have been combined with legend, folklore, and personal desires to create something very much unlike what Allah originally revealed.

Only one of Allah’s books is still in its original form. Only one book is still in its original language. And only can be traced back, word for word, chapter for chapter, to the prophet it was revealed to.

This book is, of course, the Quran.

Photo courtesy The Great Shadow

The Different Books

No one knows how many books Allah sent to us. It is possible that Allah may have sent hundreds of revelations that were lost over time.

But no matter how many prophets, revelations, and books Allah sent, we know the message was always the same.

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There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah.

Let’s examine the different revelations.

  • Tawrat – This is the revelation that Allah sent to Musa (Moses), peace be upon him.
  • Zabur – This is the revelation that Allah sent to Daud (David), peace be upon him.
  • Injeel – This is the revelation that Allah sent to Eesa (Jesus), peace be upon him.
  • Quran – This is the revelation that Allah sent to Muhammad, peace be upon him.

The Tawrat

The Tawrat is usually referred to as the “Law” in the Quran. Specifically, the Law of Moses. Many people equate the Tawrat with the Torah of the Jewish faith, or the Old Testament of the Christian faith.

In some ways this is true, as the Torah does contain some of the truths revealed to Prophet Musa (Moses, peace be upon him). However, it is not completely accurate because the Torah consists of much more than just the law revealed to Moses.

No one really knows the full history of the Torah, and there are several different versions of it. For instance, the Catholic Old Testament is different from the Protestant Old Testament.

And scholars have long since concluded the Torah was not written by one person, and certainly not by Moses directly (or indirectly).

The Tawrat that Muslims accept as the true commands of Allah is that which was directly revealed to Moses. While that message is still alive today in the message of the Quran, the actual text has been lost.

The Zabur

The Zabur is the book of Allah that was revealed to Daud (David, peace be upon him). It means “songs” in Arabic, as this revelation came to David in the form of a series of songs or chants.

But like the Tawrat, the original text is no longer with us. The modern Psalms that are present in the Bible today are not the same songs revealed to David. Many scholars believe that the Psalms of today were written by several authors from different times.

The psalms of today are important to both the Jewish and Christian faiths. However, they have very little relevance in Islamic life.

Since Prophet Daud (David, peace be upon him) preached Tawheed (monotheism), his original message is still preserved in the Quran.

The Injeel

The Injeel is the book of Allah revealed to Prophet Eesa (Jesus, peace be upon him). Injeel means evangelion, or Gospel Book. It is often just translated as The Gospel.

Like the Tawrat, many people make the mistake of stating the Injeel is the New Testament of the Bible. But that is far from the truth.

The New Testament consists of written work attributed to some of Jesus’ disciples. And a good portion of the New Testament was written by Paul, who was not a disciple at all.

Most modern scholars have concluded it is highly unlikely that Jesus’ actual disciples wrote any part of the New Testament. Even if they had written it (which they did not) They were not the prophets of Allah.

While there may be some truth in the writings popularly known as the Gospels of Mark, Luke, John, and Matt, Muslims are not obliged to follow or even read them.

The only Gospel we are concerned with, is the Gospel of Jesus. But like many other Books of Allah, the actual text is no longer available.

And like all of the other Books of Allah, the message of the Injeel is preserved in the message of the Quran.

The Quran

The Quran is the final Book of Allah. It was revealed through Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It’s primary message is the message of Tawheed, or Islamic monotheism.

The Quran is the only one of Allah’s books that is still available in the original text. Allah has promised in the Quran that His message will be preserved forever, and 1400 years later, that is still true.

The preservation of the Quran was done in a magnificent and foolproof manner. Since the time of Prophet Muhammad, Muslims have made it a practice to memorize all or parts of the Quran. During the time of Prophet Muhammad, there were several Muslims that memorized the Quran in its entirety.

The Quran was put in full written form just a few years after Prophet Muhammad died. Not centuries later like the Bible. If anyone had made a mistake, then there were hundreds of others to correct them.

The tradition of memorizing the Quran still holds true. You can visit any Muslim country (and many non-Muslim ones also) and meet any number of Hafeez ul-Quran (Keepers of the Quran). These are people who have memorized the entire Quran.

The Quran that we use today, is exactly the same as the one used over a thousand years ago. And since the Quran is in Arabic, we always have one, standardized version.

Even if every single Quran in print today were destroyed, and every computer disk holding the Quran were destroyed, and every audio tape, CD, DVD, or film with the Quran were destroyed, it could be reproduced in a matter of hours.

The Quran is the final Book of Allah, and its core message envelopes the message of all of Allah’s Books:

Strict monotheism.

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38 Responses to Books of Allah

  1. thanks again for your great summary…this is of benefit to me and my kids… may Allah reward for your effort.

  2. Mashallah May Allah Bless You. Thanks for sharing your knowledge with all human biengs on this website Allhamdulilah. Very Helpful!!

    • Wa Alaikum Salaam Nyi Nyi Lwin,

      I’m not familiar with a book sent to Prophet Ibrahim (AS). The Quran does mention the scripture of Ibrahim so I believe there was some revelation sent to him. However, the Quran does not mention its name.

      And Allah knows best.

  3. as onesalamu alykuim my brother thk u for letting others knw about all of allah bks i reading muhammad[pbuh]who deserves to be worshipped by majed s. al-rassi good bk aslo my fav SURAT AL-KAFIRUN the disbelivers

    • Wa Alaikum Salaam,

      You’re welcome. I’m not sure I understand what you said in the end. Are you saying that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) should be worshiped? That certainly isn’t true. Please clarify.

  4. Salam

    “Zabûr (زَبُور )

    Zabur, which root (ز ب ر ) appears 11 times in the Quran, in the forms zubar (زُبَر – 18:96), zubur (زُبُر – 3:184, 16:44, 23:53, 26:196, 35:25, 54:43, 54:52), and zabur (زَبُور – 4:163, 17:55, 21:105), is normally understood as the Psalms given to David, though it is not clear whether it is the collections of psalms as they appear in the Bible (תהילים ).

    In Lane’s dictionary he relates to Ibn Barî saying that the ”zibur” (الزبر ) means ”the Book of the Law revealed to Moses and the Gospel and the Quran [together]” (Lane, ”Arabic-English Lexicon”, on زبر, pp. 1211).

    I do not see the sense in relating this root to any other the one hinted to the zubur in the
    AQ 18:96 – Bring me sections of iron” – until, when he had leveled [them] between the two mountain walls, he said, “Blow [with bellows],” until when he had made it [like] fire, he said, “Bring me, that I may pour over it molten copper.”
    AND
    AQ-23:53 – But the people divided their religion among them into SECTARION – each faction, in what it has, rejoicing.

    Besides, nowhere in The Quran that refers The Torah or The Injeel as KITAB or SUHUF. As for The Quran, many verses that refers The Quran as KITAB. From a number of verses do we learn that zabur is something sent to messengers (Quran 3:184, 16:44, 26:196, 35:25 – all expressed in the plural form).

    AQ-03:184 – Then if they deny you, [O Muhammad] – so were messengers denied before you, who brought clear proofs and Canons / Sections and the Enlightening Book.

    AQ-16:44 – with clear proofs and Canons / Sections. And We revealed to you the message that you may make clear to the people what was sent down to them and that they might give thought.

    AQ-26:196 – And indeed, it is [mentioned] in the Canons / Sections of former peoples.

    AQ-35:25 – And if they deny you – then already have those before them denied. Their messengers came to them with clear proofs and Canons / Sections and with the Enlightening Book.

    The zabur, with the definite article, is related to David only [AQ-4:163, 17:55]. These two are the only times zabur in singular definite form is mentioned in the Quran, the third being in relation to a statement about the righteous and their destiny as being the inheritants of “the land”
    AQ-21:105 – And I have already written in the Canon / Section after the remembrance [OT] that the land is inherited by My righteous servants.

    a statement which reflects Esaias 60:21 and in which Esaias was a section / canon [zabur] of The OT, that is, the true Injeel which was revealed to Esa [Easias].
    This could hint at the real understanding subscribed to the term Zubur, to cover those parts / canon off / sections off The Book [AQ-05:44 -47 & 06:89] which was first sent down to Noah and subsequently inherited by The Prophets mentioned in [AQ-06:83 - 86; 03:04; 02:53; 21:48], which also has an understanding that Prophet Abraham and Prophet Moses was given The Book with additional directives, in a form of Suhuf [Scrolls] – [AQ 87:19]

    Based on this I believe that it would be correct to understand zubûr as parts off / sections off / canons off / volumes off The Book AKA Furqan AKA OT AKA Bible and the Zabur that was revealed to Dawood, was actually The Book and Scroll that was given to Prophet Musa, compressed into a Zabur and given to Prophet David. Prophet Isa was given 2 Zubur – Torah & Injeel – AQ 03:48 And He will teach him the Book and the wisdom and the Taurat and the Injeel.

    Salam
    Saleh Alhadi

  5. Thnkx for sharing. I would like to know, how come we understand that the earlir books of allah were or have been tampered. And kindly tell me that is it forever that our last book holy quran will remain in its original form. Plz dont get me wrong, i only want to know, isnt it possible people will tamper our holy book also..kindly do reply..

    • It’s not just Muslims who say the books of the Christians and Jews have been changed from their original. Even Christian and Jewish scholars say the same thing.

      Allah has promised that the Quran will remain intact and secure until the last day so we have to accept that. And so far, after 1400 years of history, that has been the case. I encourage you to listen to this podcast about the Quran.

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